Phyllosilicates in bottom sediments of Lake Baunt (northern Transbaikalia) as indicators of paleoclimate

  • Solotchin P.A. 1
  • Solotchina E.P. 1
  • Bezrukova E.V. 2, 3, 4
  • Zhdanova A.N. 1
  • 1 V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. Koptyuga, 3, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
    2 A.P. Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Favorskogo Str., 1a, Irkutsk, 664033 Russia
    3 Tyumen Industrial University, Volodarskogo Str, 38, Tyumen, 625000, Russia
    4 Irkutsk Scientific Center, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Lermontov Str., 134, 664033, Russia
Keywords: Bottom sediments, phyllosilicates, XRD analysis, paleoclimate, Transbaikalia, Lake Baunt


The lacustrine sediments are unique natural archives that store records of environmental and climatic changes. We present results of study of the Late PleistoceneHolocene sediments of freshwater Lake Baunt, located in the permafrost zone in northern Transbaikalia. The sediments were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), IR spectroscopy, laser granulometry, elemental analysis, AMS dating, etc. The results of mineral analysis of the bottom sediments with an age of ~18 ka showed that they are mainly represented by phyllosilicates, quartz, and feldspars. By the mathematical modeling of complex XRD patterns chlorite, muscovite, illite, mixed-layer illitesmectite and chloritesmectite, and kaolinite identified among the phyllosilicates. It was established that variations of their structural features as well as quantitative proportions in the section are in high correlation with the climate changes and lake level fluctuations. The results obtained helped to reconstruct the evolution of the Lake Baunt basin controlled by the regional climate throughout the Late PleistoceneHolocene.